Upper Cretaceous

Cyclostratigraphic Analysis of the Rock Magnetic Data on Maastrichtian of the Bodrak River (SW Crimea)

Measurements of mass magnetic susceptibility of 2 232 samples, collected in Takma and Chakhmakhly sections (SW Crimea, Bodrak river) through every 20 cm of thickness were conducted. The cycles, supposedly corresponding to the periods of long and short eccentricities of Earth orbit and its axis obliquity were detected by Fourier transform and wavelet analysis of obtained data. The average sedimentation rate (11.7 cm/kyr) was calculated.

Faunal Assemblage of the Maastrichtian – Paleocene Intervals of Volsk Depression

Terminal layers of carbonate rocks of Maastrichtian and lower intervals of Paleocene aleurite-pelitic formations are accessible for investigation in Krasny Oktyabr and Bolshevik quarries (Volsk Depression). In the bottom of the Paleocene accumulation of skeletons of calcareous and siliceous sponges has been confirmed, mollusk and elasmobranch assemblage has been determined. Biozonal stratification of the location section and oryctocomplex analysis have contributed to specification of the processes in succession of benthic forms at the Upper Cretaceous – Paleogene boundary.

Upper Cretaceous Deposits and Biostratigraphy of the «Novospasskoe» Section (South-West of the Ulyanovsk Region)

The section of campanian deposits of the south-west of the Ulyanovsk region characterized by a strata of “knotty” chalk is described. It was found relatively numerous faunal complex presented mostly by belemnites, bivalves and echinoids. The diversity of epibiontic organisms is described. The study of fauna has helped clarify stratigraphic position of the section within the scope of valid regional scheme.

Demonstration of Gemmation among Cretaceous Skeletal Sponges – Hexactinellida

The examination of the modular organization in fossil skeletal sponges (Hexactinellida) is mainly related to a study of their vegetative reproduction. The concepts of the reproductive forms for both Recent and Mesozoic hexactinellids can be ambiguous. Examples of the skeletons of fossil sponges from the Late Cretaceous of the Volga River basin, with morphologically detached and naturally distributed sprouts interpreted as buds, are shown. 

First Magnetostratigraphic Data on the Maastrihtian of Mountain Crimea (Bakhchysarai Region)

The representative data about magnetic susceptibility, its anisotropy before and after heating up to 500°C and other petromagnetic characteristics were received on two sections of carbonate sediments of Maastrihtian – Chahmahly and Takma, located in Bakhchysarai region of the Republic of Crimea. In the studied sections there were established the magnetozones of normal and anomalous polarity, the comparison of determined zones with Geomagnetic Polarity Time Scale was conducted.

Integrated Bio and Magnetostratigraphic Study of the ≪Ozerki≫ Sections (Upper Cretaceous, Right Bank of the Volga in the Saratov Region). Paper 2. Oryctocoenosis Characteristics and Biostratigraphy

In the ≪Ozerki≫ sections, in the terrigenous and carbonate rocks, a faunal complex has been determined – unusually diversified and relatively abundant for the right-bank part of the Saratov Region. Examination of the specified groups of fossil invertebrates has allowed to propose variants for biostratigraphic division and correlation of the sections under consideration. The carbonate rocks are supposed to belong to the Turonian-Coniacian and the underlying terrigenouscarbonate rocks are regarded as the Lower Turonian ones.

Integrated bio and Magnetostratigraphic Study of the ≪Ozerki Sections≫ (Upper Cretaceous, Right Bank of the Volga in the Saratov Region). Paper 1. Section Characteristics, Results of Petromagnetic and Magnetic-mineralogical Examinations

In the right-bank part of the Saratov Region, a section of terrigenous and carbonate rocks has been determined to underlie the ≪sponge≫ horizon conventionally dated back to the Santonian. The maximum thickness of the marls, constituting a substantial portion of the section, occurs in the western part of the region. Field description is presented alongside with the correlation scheme of the recognized stratified intervals in the three joined Ozerki objects and the results of petromagnetic and magnetic-mineralogical examinations in the carbonate rock interval.

Petromagnetic Indicators of Layers with High Concentration of Cosmogenic Substance in Maastrichtian of Volga Region and Cis-Caspian Region

The level with anomalous high values of natural remanent magnetization and Koenigsberger ratios was identify in the Upper Maastrichtian of Vol’sk depression (Saratov Volga Region). The microprobe studies of samples from this layer registered elevated concentrations of microparticles of iron, nickel, intermetallics and magnetite spherules of cosmic genesis. Similar petromagnetic anomaly was detect in the uppermost of Maastrichtian in the South Cis-Caspian (Aktolagay Plateau, Kazakhstan).

The Santonian – Campanian Rock Boundary Interval within the Zhirnovsk Uplift (Volgograd Region)

A lithologically continuous Santonian and Campanian rock section has been examined; the character of rock interrelations has been determined as the one common to the junction area of the northern part of the Don-Medveditsa and the southern termination of the Rtishchevo‑Balanda swells and the Karamysh depression.

The History of the Study Sea Urchins from the Upper Cretaceous of the Volga Region

In the course of this work we cast the light on the state of research of the Late Cretaceous sea urchins in the Volga region as well as the development of ideas about their distribution in the rocks of the Upper Cretaceous in the region. Resources used in the research include studies about this group of invertebrates since the beginning of the XIX century up to the present day. It was estab­lished that the vast majority of publications consist of fragmentary information containing mentions of echinoderm remnants findings.

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