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Integrated Bio and Magnetostratigraphic Study of the ≪Ozerki≫ Sections (Upper Cretaceous, Right Bank of the Volga in the Saratov Region). Paper 2. Oryctocoenosis Characteristics and Biostratigraphy

In the ≪Ozerki≫ sections, in the terrigenous and carbonate rocks, a faunal complex has been determined – unusually diversified and relatively abundant for the right-bank part of the Saratov Region. Examination of the specified groups of fossil invertebrates has allowed to propose variants for biostratigraphic division and correlation of the sections under consideration. The carbonate rocks are supposed to belong to the Turonian-Coniacian and the underlying terrigenouscarbonate rocks are regarded as the Lower Turonian ones.

What is the ≪Anthropocene≫?

The unofficial term ≪Anthropocene≫ is used actively to refer of the era of the global role of mankind in changing of the environment. Its beginning was announced at the International Geological Congress in 2016. Earlier geologists abstained from this discussion, and representatives of other Earth and Life sciences prevailed among supporters of anthropocene’s idea. In the near future, the introduction of the anthropocene in the geochronological scale will be of current interest.

The Petrophysical Survey of Radioactive Logging for Interpritation (in South-West Part of Pribortovaya Zone Prikaspiy)

In this article was studied clayiness of key bed of Aleksinskie depositsof Severo-Limanskaya region. It was executed 14 analyses of big collection of mineral aggregateusing X-ray analysis. It was received quantity relations clayiness and silty parts in key clayiness beds. It was calculated qualified significances of hydrogen index for examined key bed, using known valuesof hydrogen content of basic clayiness minerals.

New Data on Magnetic Properties of Upper Paleozoic Deposits in the South of Precaspian Depression

The magnetic properties of igneous and sedimentary rocks of Lower Carboniferous and Upper Permian, were studied in the core samples from the boreholes, situated in the south of Precaspian depression. The volcanic rocks of Lower Carboniferous are characterized by low (first decades 10-5 SI units), and Upper Permian – by high (hundreds and first thousands 10-5 SI units) values of volume magnetic susceptibility.

The Anomalous Lithosphere and the Oil and Gas Potential of the Precaspian Depression

The lithosphere of the Precaspian depression is characterized by abnormal ratios of the super-thick sedimentary cover and the thinlayered suboceanic crust, as well as anomalous structure of the decompacted upper mantle. The classic models of isostatic equilibrium for the Precaspian depression are insufficient and applicable only to a first approximation.

Secondary Terrigenous Screens of the Tyumen Switch – Reliable Factor of Preservation of Productivity Bazheno-аbalak Complex

Reliable isolation of the Bazhenov-Abalak complex of the Krasnoleninskoye field, ensuring its productivity, was provided by the appearance of secondary (hydrothermal) screens in underlying rocks of the Tyumen Suite. This was reflected in the sealing of the intergranular space of sandstones, silty sandstones and other rocks of the Tyumen suite with regenerative quartz, minerals of silica, and rarely sulphates and carbonates.

On the Stratigraphic Significance of Elasmobranchs (Chondrichtyes, Elasmobranchii)) in the Cenomanian of the Volga River Basin (Right Bank)

The paper analyzes the stratigraphic distribution of elasmobranchs in the deposits of the Melovatka Formation (Cenomanian) from the right bank of the Volga (part of the Penza, Saratov and Volgograd regions).

First Magnetostratigraphic Data on the Maastrihtian of Mountain Crimea (Bakhchysarai Region)

The representative data about magnetic susceptibility, its anisotropy before and after heating up to 500°C and other petromagnetic characteristics were received on two sections of carbonate sediments of Maastrihtian – Chahmahly and Takma, located in Bakhchysarai region of the Republic of Crimea. In the studied sections there were established the magnetozones of normal and anomalous polarity, the comparison of determined zones with Geomagnetic Polarity Time Scale was conducted.

Auutygenic Dolomite High-сarbon Radials Bajenovskaya Switches – Indicator of the Regime Active Singenic Naptidogenesis

The article is devoted to the role of algal material of the Bazhenov suite in the the formation of authigenic dolomite. Authigenic dolomite could form in the environment of convergence of two processes: hydrothermal («wedging out» in the rear zones) and catagenetic (background) generated by conductive heat transfer. The development of the algal dolomite in situ shows that the source rocks experienced the stage of intensive (final) hydrocarbons generation.

Lithogeochemical Properties оf Terrigenous Rocks of Sortymsky Suite of Pyakyakhinskoye Field (North of Western Siberia)

The article represents lithogeochemical characteristics of rocks of sortymsky suite. It is revealed that the rocks belong to sellitem and the hydrolysates, the values of Sodium Module and Potassium Module indicates on sediments of greywacke containing hydromica, chlorite, plagioclase. Degree the maturity received by a thin pool alumosilicates was moderate (CIA < 70). Sortymsky the basin was characterized by shallow depth with an increase in salinity of the East to the West.

The Content of Mobile Forms of Heavy Metals in a Soil Cover of the City Park of Volsk Town

The soil cover in the territory of the recreational zone «City Park» located in the central part of the Volsk town of the Saratov region is investigated. The assessment of a current sanitary and hygienic and ecological and geochemical state of soils is executed by results of the analysis of concentration of mobile forms of heavy metals. Excess of threshold limit values on nickel, copper and zinc is established.

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Search for Long-period Harmonics of Insolation Changes Caused by Planetary Perturbations of Earth’s Orbit

Coming to the Earth a flux of solar radiation is calculated using of modern numerical methods of celestial mechanics over a time interval of about 6000 years with the sampling interval of one year. The luminosity of the Sun was assumed constant. In the power spectrum of the insolation time series detected harmonic of the synodic period of the Mars, as well as harmonics of the combination frequencies of synodic periods of the planets Venus, Jupiter and Saturn, and the frequency corresponding to the sidereal year.

Estimation of the Present State of Agro-climatic Resources of Saratov Region

The paper demonstrates the modern agro-climatic recourses for the period 1981–2012 years and their comparison with the climatic norms for the last period 1912–1980 gg. Shows trends multiyear variations of agro-climatic indices by natural zones of the Saratov region

Landscape Zoning of the Saratov Region’ Right Bank

The article is devoted questions of regional level geosystems landscape zoning with Saratov region’s right bank as an example. Mapping was organized with GIS technologies using on the basis of topographic and thematic maps and space images decoding

Possibilities of Modern Interactive Educational Technologies Using in Higher Professional Education (with Geoinformatics as an Example)

The article represents main features of modern interactive educational technologies adoption of higher school educational process (with geoinformation systems classes as an example)

Droughts and Evaluation their Criteria

In this article, on the basis of daily meteorological material over the thirty years period the drought criteria are according to Selyaninov, Shashko, and Kabanov’s works. The most productive indicators are selected; best rate the degree of the aridity over the particular period. The criteria are considered in the drought insurance and subsidy payments to agricultural producers in the lean years on the regional and state level. The analyzed coefficients do not fully show the rate of drought, i.e.

Growing Conditions of Winter Crops in Autumn and Their Status to the Time Discontinued Vegetation in Saratov Region

On daily weather data for the 30-year period (1981–2011 years) st. Saratov South-East considered agrometeorological growing conditions of winter crops. The optimum sowing date and the temperature crosses 10оC, 5оC and 0оC. Analysis of the data showed that global warming shifted the date of transition temperature to a later date, which is important for growing crops. According to favorable autumn growing season were given numerical score of the fall season

Some Results of Data Processing of Absorbed Solar Radiation and Albedo from Radiometer IKOR-M

The description of some results of three years of radiometer IKOR-M working is given. The possibility of comparisons of IKOR-M data with CERES data, working on three satellites is reviewed. The results of the calculations in the tables’ form of the absorbed solar radiation (ASR) for areas of equal size are presented. The temporary peculiarities of ASR in the Mediterranean area are considered. The mean monthly values of albedo over the Sahara, the Amazon Basin and tropical Africa are evaluated

 

The Question of Organization of the Ecological Path on the Territory of Natural Park «Kumysnaya Polyana» the City of Saratov

In article stages of the organization of the ecological track laid on the territories of natural park «Kumysnaya Polyana» of the city of Saratov in detail reveal, the route with elements of improvement and information registration is offered, the assessment of an ecological condition of the geosystems adjoining a track is made

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