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Saratov Privolzhie: Landscape Structure and Modern Geoecological State

The article represents concept definition of “Saratov Privolzhie” as a geotoria 60 km wide and including right and left Volga bank territories and Volgograd and Saratov storage pounds water area. This is the most economic completed but also recreation important part of Saratov region. Landscape structure of Saratov right bank of Privolzhie  (Predvolzhie) is considered up to the level of landscape locality. The most typical landscape processes and qualitative assessment of geoecological conditions in each of all four landscape localities are detected

Features of the Circulation Processes in the Lower Volga Region in Winter

There are considered the basic weather- and climate forcing of synoptic processes in the Lower Volga region. Below shows the dynamics of their changes on a background of global climate trends. It is shown that the cold temperature of the winter months is formed under the influence of the arctic anticyclone. Of the cyclones on the arctic front and of the cyclones on the polar front are formed warmer winter weather conditions

Spatial and Temporal Organization of Relief and of a Relief Forming Processes Around the City of Saratov

Unique features of relief of the territory of Saratov are considered in this article. The characteristic of the spatial connection of identified system of block morphostructures is given. The assumptions about the main relief forming factors are made, assessments of the development intensity of geologo‑geomorphological processes and connection of natural‑technogenic phenomena with them is given

Landscape Structure Transformation of Volga flood Plain at Saratov Area

Structure of Volga flood plain landscape at Saratov area before Volgograd storage pound building is defined in the article. Changes in flood plain geosystems after regulated river are considered, directions of modern landscape generating processes against the background of large-scale anthropogenic transformation are detected

Impact Agrometeorological Factors on the Formation of Productivity and Quality Early Grain and Winter Crops for Stations on the Saratov Region

The forecast of the spring wheat quality is represented in this work summer wheat, barley, oat and winter wheat. The forecast is composed on the grounds of correlation of the amount of protein in cereal with monthly air temperature in June. The education derived by the authors lets to estimate the cereals quality in monthly advance. The forecast of the new harvest cereal composed in advance has an important meaning in organisation of cereal provision

Climatic‑Information Technology of Wind‑Energetic Tasks Solving

Theoretic basis of all-purposes climatic-information technology estimation of potential and utilize wind-energetic resources and windenergetic plant service conditions are developed. Acceptable error of wind-energetic characteristics spatial renewal, wide range of facilities, usability and other qualities of this technology are conclusive proof for its application in stage of preproject development

Dynamic of Snow-Geochemical Anomalies in the Saratov City Territory (over a Period of 1992–2010)

The article shows results of snow-geochemical survey in Saratov city territory in 1992, 1994, 1997 and at the beginning of 2000th, that was made by the staff of geographical and geological faculties of Saratov State University. The research revealed essential area decrease of snow cover pollution of industrial emission at the beginning of 2000th   as compared with 1990th. Abrupt snow pollution increase along the transport mains and around the large working enterprises

Estimation of Atmospheric Parameters and their Effects on Aircraft Flight using GIS-T echnology

At echelons of airplane lying in the upper troposphere and low stratosphere, air temperature varies sharply, which affects the speed of airplane, fuel consumption and height of the airplane ceiling. The paper presents calculations of these characteristics of the aircraft depending on the temperature on the routes crossing of cyclones and anticyclones

Gumanitarian Geographical Researches in the saratov Region

In article experience of the gumanitarian geographical researches spent during projects on cultural designing of territories of local and regional scale is shined. The original technique of field studying of the historical environment is resulted, application of GIS-technologies in modeling of a cultural-symbolical landscape is considered

Cartographic Approach to Projecting of Ecological Monitoring Network on the Oil-and-Gas Sector

The construction and operation of industrial objects of oil and gas branch cause negative influence on environment. It could be minimized under condition of a well-organized system of ecological monitoring and acceptances of corresponding preventive works. In a view of optimization and also for increase of efficiency of ecological monitoring there are necessary the well-founded choice of points of prospective works.

The Tendencies of the Modern Territorial Organization of the Rural Population in Saratov Region

In the article we have analyzed resettlement of the rural population, the changes that had occurred in population size in the settlements in question, peculiarity of migration, and the demographic diversity within different regions. Based on the analysis the conclusion can be drown that the system of the rural settlements is a subject of great change. According to the upcoming change the population will be concentrated in big settlements and along the thoroughfares. Rural conglomeration will face a considerable development.

The Influence of Integration Processes at the Territorial Structure of the Chemical Industry of the New Federal States of Germany

The article represents the integration processes, that caused by the unification of Germany and that continues to present days. It is established that the restructuring and privatization have contributed to the restoration and further growth of the chemical industry in new federal lands. Also the contingence of the integration process with a change in the territorial structure of the chemical industry in East Germany and their influence to the creation of the networks (clusters) is indicated in the article

Imitating Modeling of Emergency Situation Risk During Accident on Model Part of Gas Main (with Petrovskiy District of Saratov Region as an Example) with GIS Technologies Application

The article represents risk modeling of emergency situation during accident of model part of Petrovskiy district (Saratov region) gas main with GIS technologies using. Also methods of detonation zones estimation and cloud of dangerously explosive blend spreading estimation during accident gas main depressurization subject to wind direction and speed are represented

Estimation of Parameters of Laws of Change of Average Speed of the Wind with height in the Ground Layer of Atmosphere on South-East Еuropean Part of Russia for the Decision of Problems About Wind Power

Connection is established and the mathematical expressions are received, allowing to estimate parameters of sedate and logarithmic functions of height on value of average speed of a wind at level of 10 m on SOUTH-EAST ЕUROPEAN part of Russia

Climatic Risk in Agricultural Production and Some Ways Their Overcome

This article touches upon daily urgent factfiles during the 30-year period. The author of the article calculates all famous in literature criteria of drought. But no one of them reflects a degree of a strong drought when more than 70% of crop dies. The author introduces first the physiological coefficient of drought

Influence of Extreme Displays of Climatic Changes on Efficiency of Agricultural Crops

Repeatability and dynamics of probability of various type of droughts, and also estimation of their intensity on hydrothermal factor for the 120-year-old period (1891–2010гг is shown.). The agrometeorological characteristic of the most severe droughts is given. Decrease in productivity of grain crops and total gathering of grain in the Saratov area in years with various types of droughts is resulted

Organization of Workstation of Weather Long-Forecaster on Basis Hybrid‑Type DEVICE‑Technologies

In the real article advantages of application of hybrid-type DEVICE are shown in the operative gone into detail long-term prognostication of elements of weather and the key moments of the use are described hybrid-type DEVICE in the working chart of drafting of such prognosis

Landscape Differentiation and Problems of Conservancy Analysis of North Part of Volgograd Storage Pond Islands

Modern landscape differentiation analysis of North part of Volgograd storage‑pond flood‑plainisland geosystems is introduced in the article. Also consequences of regulated Volga River and Volga islands are detected. The article points main types of nature management in the observable part of the river, explores problems of nature preservation and Volga islands Protected areas generation

Valuation Methods of the Forest Pyrology Conditions in Recreational Forests for Recreational and Rest Purposes (on Example of the Nature Park «Kumysnaya Polyana» near Saratov-city)

The matter is the forest pyrology on the recreational area of the nature park «Kumysnaya Polyana» near Saratov city. In the article the estimate criterions for the potential ability to born in the forest are considered

Spatial Structure of the Chemical Industry in North Germany in the Early 21th Century

This article is about modern situation in the spatial structure of the chemical industry in North Germany. It has been established that globalization and integration processes into the world economic system are evident as an enhancement of the interaction between the various elements (enterprises) and subsystems (firms and their associations) of the system “chemical industry”. It is leads to a new form of spatial organization of the chemical industry – local and regional clusters.