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Application of GIS, Remote Sensing and Tasseled Cap Transformation for the Study of Modern Landscape Plants Region

The paper presents the study materials vegetation using GIS and remote sensing data – satellite images. The description of this method of processing satellite images as «Tasseled cap», describes its advantages as compared to untreated so satellite images of vegetation in the study region

Saratov Region Ethnic Composition, Demic Diffusion (Census Returns 2010)

The changes in Saratov region ethnic composition during 2002–2010 are reviewed in the article. Also reviewed is demic diffusion throughout Saratov region districts and towns. The role of ethnic processes and ethnic migration in population change and its geography is elicited. The growth of people from Caucasus and Central Asia is noted

Methodological Aspects of Modeling of Ecological Functions of valley Complexes in a Cybernetic Landscape

Article is devoted theoretical and methodological aspects of the functional organization of a cultural landscape. An object of research is ecological function which acts as external display of properties of landscape components in inter-element communications of nature-social systems. As a technological platform the cybernetic landscape – interactive operated computer model is considered

Regional Features of Geoecological Risks (with Saratov Region’ Oilfields as an Example)

The article shows characteristic of regional features of oilfield’s geoecological risk (with Saratov region as an example). Geoinformation systems (GIS) and mathematical and cartographical models as a tool of their analysis are disclosed possibilities of using

Territorial Planning Schemes as a Basis for Sustainable Development Indexes Creation

In this article some existing sustainable development indexes and indicators are considered. Sustainable development rates territorial differentiation on municipal level is offered. Territorial planning schemes are proposed as a basis for municipal districts sustainable development indexes creation.

Variability of Climatic Rates for Period of Instrumental Observations in Saratov

On the basis of a long series of observations (1912–2010 gg.) investigated long-term variability in temperature, precipitation and other meteorological parameters. It is shown that climate normal of temperature and precipitation in the modern period is significantly different from the baseline period of 1961–1990 gg., proposed by the WMO

Programme and Certain Results of the Landscape Landforms Research of the Territory National Park ≪Hvalynsky≫

In this article the methodology integrated geo-environmental study of the national park landscape-based morphological approach. On the example of the National Park Hvalynski the results of studies using morphological landscape conceptual model

The Possibilities of GIS Technologies in Addressing the Problem of Optimizing Route of Gas Main (with Petrovskiy District of Saratov Region as an Example)

The article represents possibilities of GIS technology in addressing the problem of optimizing route of gas main in the Petrovskiy district of the Saratov region. Also classical method of calculating the optimal search area of gas main and major factors that influence the position of the route are represented

A Comprehensive Analysis of the Centres of the Atmosphere Action of the Nortern Hemishere

On the basis of a new approach to the study of the circulation of objects in the hemisphere physical-statistical method considered changing dynamics of the main circulation system of the Northern Hemisphere. Based on this approach, the peculiarities of the circulation regime change in the hemisphere at different periods of the Earth’s climate system

Climate Changes of the Lower Volga Region on the Background of Global Warming (on the Example of Saratov)

In this article it is shown that on the background of the second wave of the global warming on the territory of Saratov and the region is well noticeable climate change, especially in the multiyear averages, mean monthly temperatures, as well as the duration of the main and the transitional seasons of the year. Noted the contribution of the circulation in the formation of the climatic characteristics of the region

The Development History of the Concept ≪Nature Monument≫ in Germany in the XIX–XX Сentury

There is a history of the term ≪nature monument≫ in the German science and nature conservation practice between the end of XVIII century and 1920th in the article. According to the German scientists going into this question, stages of the concept extension in theory and practice are briefly classified and the first term using cases are described. The main events of nature protection history in Germany and key works are referred. There is an analysis of the nature monuments in German Empire created to the end of the First World War

Modern Methods of Approach and Main Conceptions of Territorial Nature Protection

The article represents complex of modern methods of approach and formed view about territorial nature protection. Topical problems that exist in scientific- methodical and organizational- legal aspects of territorial nature protection are explored. The particular attention is given to research of two key concepts: ≪Protected Areas complex≫ and ≪nature-ecological framework≫. Author explores works cover this subject area, identify content, specificity and interconnection of mentioned conceptions

The South Part of Nature Monument «Zmeevi Mountains»: Problems of Development and Functional Zoning

The article shows problems of large-scale Protected Areas of Saratov region conservation with the example of Zmeevogorskiy degraded mountain. Authors consider existing system of nature management on researched area and nature conservation problems that are related to the system of nature management. As a result of the research, authors suggest the outline of functional zoning of South part of ≪Zmeevi mountains≫ natural monument territory. Also strategical line of development of large regional Protected Areas is shown

Agricultural Nature Management of Semi-desert Saratov Priuzenye: Development History and Modern Structure

The article is devoted to the questions of agricultural nature management that is considered subject to natural-resort potential of semi-desert Saratov Priuzenye landscapes, history of it’s economic reclamation and modern structure of nature management. Materials of different years field research, statistic data, topographic and thematical maps, space images, elements of GIS-technologies are used in the work

Sustainable Development of Municipal Districts: Approaches to Cartographical Assessment

In article considers municipal districts sustainable development problems and also offers set of characteristics for its cartographical assessmentand prediction

Geoecological Risk-Analysis of Protected Areas Network (with Volskiy Municipal District of Saratov Region as an Example)

Possibilities of geoecological risk-analysis methods for Saratov region Protected Areas network are considered. Natural features and geoecological risk factors of Cretaceous slope with calciphilous plants near Volsk city Protected Area are discovered

The Atmosphere Circulation Character in Atlantic- Eurasia Sector of Hemisphere as an Indicator of Climatic Changes of Russian Plane (with Winter as an Example)

In this article considers the nature of the atmospheric circulation in the atlantic-eurasian sector of the hemisphere with the use of multiyear averages maps of the surface of the AT-500 Hpa, corresponding to different periods of state of the climate system (stabilization, the second wave of the global warming). On the basis of the dynamics of change of temperature fields on the average level of the troposphere conclusion is made about the forthcoming changes of winter conditions on the Russian plain

The Impact of Global Warming on Wintering of the Winter Crops

The article is on the daily weather data for the seventy-year period (1941–2010 гг.). The evaluation is given on the winter season according to the rate of the favorable wintering of the winter crops. The analysis showed that the wintering period has shortened over the period of the last three decades and the percentage of loss of winter crops has decreased

Abnormally Cold Winter of 2012 in Saratov as Result of a Blocking Anti-cyclone on European Territory of Russia

Features of origin and evolution of a stationary anti-cyclone which caused cold weather in all European territory of Russia in the winter of 2012 are considered. Abnormal values of temperature and pressure are considered on an example of Saratov

Estimation of Characteristics of the Earth’s Climate System from its Response to Changes in Solar Constant

Restoration of the impulse response of the Earth's climate system (ECS) showed that the rate of its reaction can be characterized by an equivalent time constant of 1.04±0.17 months. Sensitivity of ECS to changes in radiative forcing is equal to 0.41±0.05 K W-1m2, which gives the positive feedback factor 1.37±0.17.