Geology

The investigation of the porosity scale effect and elastic anisotropy in Bashkirian limestones

The article presents the methodology of the representative elementary volume definition for 1 m long whole core segments. Scientific articles focused on factors controlling elastic properties are analysed. Terms of additivity and nonadditivity for physical properties of rocks are discussed. The algorithm of core sampling including drilling out of three perpendicular core samples for estimation of elastic anisotropy was used.

New data about Upper Jurassic formations of the Ulyanovsk-Saratov through and the northern part of the Peri-Сaspian Syneclise

A detailed description of the Upper Jurassic formations of the south of the European part of Russia, mainly restricted by the Kimmeridgian and Volgian stages, is given. The characteristic of the reference section is provided for the Vechkusy Formation, and the neostratotype is proposed for the Novikovka Formation. The criteria for drawing the boundaries of local stratigraphic units (formations) and the features of strata distribution are considered in detail.

Some regularities of change in density in the lithosphere of Northern Eurasia

A method is proposed for calculating the normal compaction curve of rocks for the deep parts of the lithosphere. It is based on the analysis of petrophysical characteristics and interpretation of gravitational anomalies. The main regularities of density changes in the lithosphere of Northern Eurasia are investigated.

Ichthyofauna of the border sediments of the Severodvinsky and Vyatsky stages in the Late Permian localities in the west of the Orenburg region (Samara river basin)

A detailed study of the section of the severodvinsky and vyatsky stages of the Upper Permian with layer-by-layer sampling of ichthyofauna in the western part of the Orenburg region (basin of the lower reaches of the Samara River) was carried out. Based on the fish complexes, a paleontological justification of the stratigraphic boundary between the severodvinsky and vyatsky stages was obtained in the region for the first time.

The investigation of the scale effect on porosity in Bashkirian limestones

The article presents the methodology of the representative elementary volume definition for two 1 m long whole core segments. Scientific articles focused on practical methods of representative volume calculations using various physical parameter fluctuations have been studied. Porosity values of every whole core fragment evaluated in two ways using the 7.3 cm diameter core samples in the first approach and the 3 cm diameter core samples in the second one have been compared.

Kimmeridgian–Volgian ostracods of Samarskaya Luka: Paleoecological analysis and reflection of sedimentation conditions in rock magnetism

The analysis of the distribution of the Kimmeridgian–Volgian ostracods in the section near the village Valy made it possible to establish a sequence of eight communities, the change of which reflects changes in the ecological conditions in the basin. Changes in sea level fluctuations, the main physical and chemical parameters of the ostracod habitat – temperature, salinity of water, oxygen content in it, eutrophy and concentration of organic matter in sediment – are reconstructed. Information on the magnetic susceptibility and its increase after heating was obtained.

Genus Tremabolites Zittel, 1878 (Porifera, Hexactinellida)

Tremabolites sponges known among the Middle-Late Cretaceous beds in Europe are reliably identifiable due to the numerous openings against the background of the skeleton smooth upper surface. The ideas of the level of organization in these sponges and of the species characteristics are far from being univocal. The paper deals with the species diversity of Tremabolites common in the Coniacian – Santonian rocks from the Volga Region. Examples of regeneration and budding in the representatives of the group are presented.

Structural features of the lower Permian salt-bearing series and the character of salt-tectogenesis manifestations in the Caspian Depression. Paper II

The article presents the analysis of the inner structure of the salt-bearing series within the Caspian Depression. Certain salt-bearing complexes of various ages, compositions and plastic properties are distinguished. Their structural relations and the features of salt-tectogenesis manifestation are evaluated. Up to the present no subsalt uplifts have been confirmed in the Russian sector of the Caspian Depression and no HC fields have been discovered.

Influence of zeolitization on the migration of reservoir fluids on the example of jurassic and neocomian deposits (Yamal oil and gas region)

To assess the influence of zeolite group minerals on the migration of reservoir fluids in terrigenous deposits, complex (X-ray and gas-geochemical) studies of core material in the Yamal oil and gas region field were conducted. 54 core samples from the Pyakyakhinsky and Yuzhno-Messoyakhsky deposits were studied including 43 zeolitized and 11 non-zeolitized samples.

Geological and geophysical analysis of morphological structures of the central type in the Eastern European platform territory and its connection with hydrocarbon fields

Correlative interrelation of hydrocarbon field arrangement and morphological structures of the central type is revealed. Possible natural mechanisms of morphological structures formation of the central type are considered. By results of geological and geophysical interpretation of magnetic prospecting, gravity prospecting, heat floor data the deep structure of these morphological structures is shown.

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