Cite this article as:

Skrylnik G. P., Sorokin P. C. Interaction of Natural Factors and Processes in the Organization of Geosystems and their Sustainable Development. Izvestiya of Saratov University. New series. Series: Earth Sciences, 2019, vol. 19, iss. 1, pp. 30-34. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18500/1819-7663-2019-19-1-30-34


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UDC: 
551.4
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Russian

Interaction of Natural Factors and Processes in the Organization of Geosystems and their Sustainable Development

Abstract

Many aspects of «interaction» of factors and processes, being the central ones in any science and constantly marked for their high urgency, have not been sufficiently investigated so far that is also typical of modern natural sciences. The work defines five basic types of factors and processes: gravitational, geophysical, geochemical (including biotic component), anthropogenic/technogenic, and geoinformational. They are separately studied with methodical application of «interpenetrating» research of the geosphere components, i.e. palaeogeographical, geophysical, geochemical, biogeographical, cartographical, and mathematical. Spatial-temporal differentiation is typical for the results of their interactions. This differentiation conditioned the occurence of the four-level organization of the environment and it corresponds to four basic hierarchical levels: global, continental, regional, and local (or topological). Within the framework of these levels the «interactions between factors and processes» are essentially different. This specificity manifests itself more essentially in scale hierarchy of the natural phenomena and objects. Dynamics of landscape genesis is connected with change of the basic types of “interactions between factors and processes”: the hydrothermic, xerothermic, hydrocryos and xeroryos ones.

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