Geography

The Results of Monitoring of Erosion Processes on Chernozems of the Volga Region

The article presents the results of monitoring of erosion processes on chernozems of the Volga region from 1973 to 2015. It is shown that the observed increase in winter temperatures can reduce the depth of soil freezing, increase the number of days with thaws and reduction of water reserves in the snow to the top of the snow melting. These processes improve the absorption of melt water conditions and lead to a decrease of spring runoff. In the last 30 years of flow value decreased by 3,8 times in the plowed fields, and compacted arable land – 5,7 times.

Sinoptical and Agrometeorological Conditions Anomalous Weather of the Autumn-winter Season 2015-2016 Year in the Saratov Region

The article provides an analysis of sinoptical conditions that caused the abnormal weather of autumn and winter 2015–2016 year in the Saratov region. The characteristic agrometeorological conditions in different soil-climatic zones of the region, showing the deviation of the air temperature and precipitation from the climatic norm and the assessment of their impact on growth, development, and overwintering of winter crops

Optimizing Land use Structure to Increase the Sustainability of Agricultural Landscapes (on the Example of the Soviet District)

The article discusses several techniques to optimize land use, adapted to the territory of the Saratov Zavolzhje, investigate the dynamics of land relations in the Soviet district of the Saratov region over the past 40 years, made recommendations for the improvement of the Soviet district land use to increase the stability of agricultural landscapes

Geoecological Assessment of Quality of a Surface Water of a River Basin Chardym in the Saratov Region

In this article you can find results of the hydrological works, that was realized by landscape-ecological investigation in a Chardym river basin in the summer 2015. With the help of the portable equipment and standard methodology, chemical water components were defined and was given an assessment of their quality based on standard criteria of maximum concentration limit of the polluting substances for reservoirs of fishery appointment and potential sources of technogenic pollution.

Main Features of Rural Settlement Transformation in Saratov Region in 1959–2015

Rural settlement system in Saratov region is in constant development. Transformation of rural settlement is considered for 1959–2015. The study of rural settlement is relevant due to system of local government reform. Number of rural municipalities is being reduced and the number of settlements in them is growing. The number of rural settlements is in reduction. The share of population living in large settlements increases (as a result of the change of status of a rural settlement to an urban one included).

To Develop Geographical Bases of Integrated Water Resources Management in Transboundary Ural’s River Basin

The article notes the need to develop a conceptual interstate program on regulation of water within transboundary river basin Ural. Conduct a comprehensive analysis of the eco-hydrological and socioeconomic specifics of cross-border region allowed to identify the key approaches to integrated water resources management in the basin Ural.

Agroclimatic Characterization of the Winter Season in Saratov

The article is on the daily weather data for the seventy-year period (1941–2011). The agroclimatic characterization is given on the winter season in Saratov, analyzed the average daily temperature for individual years and decades, the evaluation is given on the winter season according to the favorable wintering of the winter crops.

Attractiveness of Regions and Cities of the Volga Economic Region

The article suggests approaches to the study of the attractiveness of different regions and cities. Some of them apply to the subjects of the Russian Federation and the cities of the Volga economic region.

The Issue of Problem Aspects of Development and Implementation Land Use and Development Rules of Saratov Region’ Settlements

The article shows the main problem questions of Land use and development rules of settlements’ territories creation. Problematic aspects of Rules development related of making changes in existing Rules in accordance with the classifier of permitted land use, difficulties in identifying and mapping boundaries of zones with special conditions of use, resolve contentious issues at public hearings are defined.

Concept of Demographic Policy-2025 and Demographic Situation in the Volga Federal District

The article describes preliminary results of the second phase of the Demographic Policy Convention of the Russian Federation for the period until 2025. The demographic situation of 2010–2015 is considered on the example of the Volga Federal District. Particular attention is paid to changes in the demographic situation in the Saratov region. The article highlights the positive changes that have occurred in 2010–2015. The article formulates aims for the third phase – 2016–2025.

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