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The Isolation and Mapping of Ecotones in the Urban Environment

The article presents some aspects of the problem of isolation and mapping of urban ecotones. The study of transition zones is necessary not only to determine the boundaries of natural and man-made systems, but also to determine the internal structure and mechanisms of functioning of ecotones. One of the main difficulties mapping ehkotonnyh bands, is the lack of a common classification in step significantly complicates mapping.

Growth Points and Development Nodes of Saratov Region

The categories of growth and development are being considered for transformation of the Saratov region’s economy during the last years. The assess of investment projects from the standpoint of quality of economic transformations has given, and also the spatial pattern of development of the region has shown. 

Socioeconomics: Problems of Regional Development

The article describes socioeconomics issues at the regional level and the municipal districts of the Saratov region. Heterogeneity of social and territorial aspects of socioeconomics leads to different reproduction indicators.

The Steppe Area of Russia: Economic and Geographical Survey

The article highlighted the steppe zone of Russia as a single region. The characteristics of the development of history, territory, population, economy, transport and the level of exploration.

Features Synoptic and Agro-meteorological Conditions of the Autumn Period in 2016 in the Lower Volga Region and their Impact on the Autumn Growing Season of Winter Crops

The article presents an analysis of the synoptic and agrometeorological conditions prevailing in the region in the autumn of 2016. Shown anomaly hydrothermal regime and assessed the impact of the prevailing conditions at the seeding, the autumn vegetation and tempering of winter crops.

Effects of Space Factors in Surface Air Temperature Variations

The digital spectral analysis was carried out for centennial dataset of mean daily values of the surface air temperature anomalies at Basel weather station. In the power spectra of dataset peaks are found, which are associated with the influence of various terrestrial and space factors: the quasibiennialoscillation, the pole tide, luni-solar tides, the rotation of the Earth – Moon system around the barycenter, and the solar activity.

The Stages of the Historical Development of Engels

The article present an analyses of the historical development of Engels. History of development of the city’s territory is divided into stages. In each stages identified to the main city-forming functions, features of development and results of human transformation of the natural environment

Analysis of Urban Ecotone Classifications

The article presents an analysis of ecotone classifications in the urban environment. The study of ecotone zones is necessary to determine the boundaries of natural and anthropogenic complexes, as well as to study the mechanisms of their functioning. One of the main difficulties in studying ecotone bands is the lack of a generally accepted classification of urban ecotones.

Spatial Dynamics of Development of Economy of the Saratov Region in 2010–2015

In the period 2010–2015 the various sectors of economy of the Saratov region showed multidirectional movement. This is especially true for crops and livestock. The article analyzes the spatial shifts in production of certain products of industry with the use of Herfindahl–Hirschman index.

Model of Productivity of Spring Wheat in the Conditions of the Saratov Region

The article highlights the agrometeorological conditions, leading to the formation of high, normal and low yields of spring wheat in Saratov region. Model maximum culture organosilanes. Analysis of the influence of weather conditions on the passage of the phases of development and their impact on the productivity of spring wheat. The work was based on daily meteorological data of the station Saratov scientific research Institute of the GP for 1981–2005.

Anomalous Cold and Anomalous Warm Winters in Saratov

В статье по ежедневным метеорологическим данным за семидесятилетний период (1941–2011 гг.) выделены аномально холодные и аномально тёплые зимы г. Саратова, анализируются средние суточные температуры за отдельные годы и по десятилетиям, дана балльная оценка зимнего сезона по степени благоприятности перезимовки озимых культур.

Agroecological Monitoring of Irrigated Agro-landscapes of Saratov Zavolzhie’ South-East

The article presents results of firths’ ecological and meliorative conditions monitoring, level of vegetation cover degradation and dynamics of fodder land use within Aleksandrov Gay municipal district of Saratov region for the period from 1952. As the result of the research were detected 3 periods of meliorative development and impact on the state of land. The authors propose to improve the ecological and meliorative condition of agro-landscapes by reconstructing firths, reducing the size of longlines and reducing flooding rates.

Regional Features of Demographic Development of Volga Federal District (2000–2016)

The article considers modern trends in demographic development of VFD subjects, the results of positive demographic dynamics of the recent years. The regional differences in population reproduction, migration are analysed. The preservation of significant differentiation in the indicators of the population reproduction in the VFD regions is shown. The main problems of the demographic situation in the regions and possible directions for their solution are formulated.

About Negative Reasons for Oncological Situation in Volga Federal District: Oncological and Geographical Analysis

The article provides the possible reasons for the relatively high cancer rates in the Volga Federal District (VFD). The promoting on oncological situation factors are given. Among of them are: low incomes, poor environmental conditions, a high per cent of elderly, bad living conditions, increasing of alcohol consumption.

Characteristic of Сontinental Climate in Saratov and St. Petersburg during Global Warming

Indices of continental climate at different time intervals for Saratov and St. Petersburg are calculated. They reflect the tendency of a decrease in continentality, associated with a temperature increase in the winter seasons.

On the Possible Influence of Luni-solar Tides on Subsoil Gases Emission

The possible connection was studied between the emission of various subsoil gases and the variation of the vertical component of gravity acceleration caused by the influence of the luni-solar tides. At negative values of tidal acceleration, the average concentration of methane and its homologues is reduced, accompanied by an increase in the average concentration of helium, nitrogen, oxygen, and carbon dioxide.

The Spatial Issues in the «Strategy for Socio-economic Development of the Saratov Region till 2030»

The key points of the Strategy for socio-economic development of the Saratov region till 2030 against primarily the spatial organization of а manufacturing industry are discussed. The proposed typology of districts is annalysed.

Influence of the Continental Climate of the Lower Volga Region on the Quality of Grain Crops

In the article to assess the continentality of the region’s climate at 10 stations in the Lower Volga region, the annual air temperature amplitudes were calculated, and the climate continentality indices were determined according to 5 formulas of different authors. The carried out calculation allows to allocate Zavolzhsky areas of the Saratov and Volgograd areas in region with as much as possible favorable conditions on cultivation of high-protein wheat. Presents the regionalization of the European part of Russia on the conditions for the formation of grain protein.

Analysis of the Factors of Migration Attractiveness of the Volga Federal District Regions

The article compares the significance of the factors of migration attractiveness of the Russian regions on the example of the Volga Federal District (VFD). It is shown that for a short period (2012–2015), there was a significant decrease in the number of factors attracting migrants, at the same time, migration situation in the VFD regions has also changed, sometimes drastically. The study was carried out using multivariate linear regression analysis.

Agro-economic Substantiation of Involving the Unusable Arable Land in Agricultural Production

An agricultural production assessment of the unused parts of the Dubkovsky municipality was carried out, identified by the results of the work on the creation of GIS of Saratov region agro-industrial complex in the 2016. In order to involve unused arable land in agricultural production, almost all areas will require land management related to the transformation of land – the conversion of low-fertility soils to arable land.

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