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Analysis of Characteristics and Classification of Devasted Lands of Saratov

In this article the author gives the analysis of the characteristics of devasted lands on the base of the field route research of Saratov’s territory. The types of devasted lands were discovered, their short description was composed, the area of each territory’s type was counted. The principal districts of the concentrationof the devasted lands are given, the specificity of their morphogenetic types, are examined.

To the Issue of Systematization and Designing Areal Anamorphic Geoimages

The article presents an overview of the currently existing algorithms of various kinds’ areal anamorphosis creation. The authors reveal anamorphosis main features and provide graphical support of modeling results.

The Calculations of the Indices of Continentality of Climate for the Middle and Lower Volga Region

In the article was calculated the annual amplitude in air temperature for 12 stations the Middle Volga Region and the Lower Volga region for to assess the continentality of the region and defined indices of continentality of the climate in five formulas of different authors. The calculation allows to select Zavolzhsky districts of the Saratov and Volgograd regions in region with the most favorable conditions for the cultivation wheat of high-protein.

Changes in the Ethnic Heterogeneity of the Volga Federal District

The article discusses changes in the ethnic diversity of regions of the Volga Federal District for the period of 1989–2010. The most and least ethnically heterogeneous regions are revealed. There is a growing heterogeneity in some regions. The article describes settlement of Russians throughout the subjects of the Volga Federal District. The changes in the urbanization of ethnic groups are shown.

The Possibility of GIS Technologies using for internal University educational Risk Overcoming (with Geography Faculty of Saratov State University as an Example)

The article presents the experience of overcoming of one of the most domestic internal educational risk – the risk of the number of entrants incompetence. Considered the possibility of GIS technologies introducing in the analysis of spatial distribution, quantity and quality of potential applicants with inspection board of geography faculty of Saratov State University as an example.

The Isolation and Mapping of Ecotones in the Urban Environment

The article presents some aspects of the problem of isolation and mapping of urban ecotones. The study of transition zones is necessary not only to determine the boundaries of natural and man-made systems, but also to determine the internal structure and mechanisms of functioning of ecotones. One of the main difficulties mapping ehkotonnyh bands, is the lack of a common classification in step significantly complicates mapping.

Growth Points and Development Nodes of Saratov Region

The categories of growth and development are being considered for transformation of the Saratov region’s economy during the last years. The assess of investment projects from the standpoint of quality of economic transformations has given, and also the spatial pattern of development of the region has shown. 

Socioeconomics: Problems of Regional Development

The article describes socioeconomics issues at the regional level and the municipal districts of the Saratov region. Heterogeneity of social and territorial aspects of socioeconomics leads to different reproduction indicators.

The Steppe Area of Russia: Economic and Geographical Survey

The article highlighted the steppe zone of Russia as a single region. The characteristics of the development of history, territory, population, economy, transport and the level of exploration.

Features Synoptic and Agro-meteorological Conditions of the Autumn Period in 2016 in the Lower Volga Region and their Impact on the Autumn Growing Season of Winter Crops

The article presents an analysis of the synoptic and agrometeorological conditions prevailing in the region in the autumn of 2016. Shown anomaly hydrothermal regime and assessed the impact of the prevailing conditions at the seeding, the autumn vegetation and tempering of winter crops.

Effects of Space Factors in Surface Air Temperature Variations

The digital spectral analysis was carried out for centennial dataset of mean daily values of the surface air temperature anomalies at Basel weather station. In the power spectra of dataset peaks are found, which are associated with the influence of various terrestrial and space factors: the quasibiennialoscillation, the pole tide, luni-solar tides, the rotation of the Earth – Moon system around the barycenter, and the solar activity.

The Stages of the Historical Development of Engels

The article present an analyses of the historical development of Engels. History of development of the city’s territory is divided into stages. In each stages identified to the main city-forming functions, features of development and results of human transformation of the natural environment

Analysis of Urban Ecotone Classifications

The article presents an analysis of ecotone classifications in the urban environment. The study of ecotone zones is necessary to determine the boundaries of natural and anthropogenic complexes, as well as to study the mechanisms of their functioning. One of the main difficulties in studying ecotone bands is the lack of a generally accepted classification of urban ecotones.

Spatial Dynamics of Development of Economy of the Saratov Region in 2010–2015

In the period 2010–2015 the various sectors of economy of the Saratov region showed multidirectional movement. This is especially true for crops and livestock. The article analyzes the spatial shifts in production of certain products of industry with the use of Herfindahl–Hirschman index.

Model of Productivity of Spring Wheat in the Conditions of the Saratov Region

The article highlights the agrometeorological conditions, leading to the formation of high, normal and low yields of spring wheat in Saratov region. Model maximum culture organosilanes. Analysis of the influence of weather conditions on the passage of the phases of development and their impact on the productivity of spring wheat. The work was based on daily meteorological data of the station Saratov scientific research Institute of the GP for 1981–2005.

Anomalous Cold and Anomalous Warm Winters in Saratov

В статье по ежедневным метеорологическим данным за семидесятилетний период (1941–2011 гг.) выделены аномально холодные и аномально тёплые зимы г. Саратова, анализируются средние суточные температуры за отдельные годы и по десятилетиям, дана балльная оценка зимнего сезона по степени благоприятности перезимовки озимых культур.

Agroecological Monitoring of Irrigated Agro-landscapes of Saratov Zavolzhie’ South-East

The article presents results of firths’ ecological and meliorative conditions monitoring, level of vegetation cover degradation and dynamics of fodder land use within Aleksandrov Gay municipal district of Saratov region for the period from 1952. As the result of the research were detected 3 periods of meliorative development and impact on the state of land. The authors propose to improve the ecological and meliorative condition of agro-landscapes by reconstructing firths, reducing the size of longlines and reducing flooding rates.

Regional Features of Demographic Development of Volga Federal District (2000–2016)

The article considers modern trends in demographic development of VFD subjects, the results of positive demographic dynamics of the recent years. The regional differences in population reproduction, migration are analysed. The preservation of significant differentiation in the indicators of the population reproduction in the VFD regions is shown. The main problems of the demographic situation in the regions and possible directions for their solution are formulated.

About Negative Reasons for Oncological Situation in Volga Federal District: Oncological and Geographical Analysis

The article provides the possible reasons for the relatively high cancer rates in the Volga Federal District (VFD). The promoting on oncological situation factors are given. Among of them are: low incomes, poor environmental conditions, a high per cent of elderly, bad living conditions, increasing of alcohol consumption.

Characteristic of Сontinental Climate in Saratov and St. Petersburg during Global Warming

Indices of continental climate at different time intervals for Saratov and St. Petersburg are calculated. They reflect the tendency of a decrease in continentality, associated with a temperature increase in the winter seasons.